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Mule Terminology

| Mules | June 16, 2014

Equis Asinus – The ass family

Jack, Jackass – The male of the ass family

Jennet, Jenny – The female of the ass family

Donkey – common nickname for the ass family

Burro – small members of the ass family

Mule – cross between a jack ,male ass, and a mare , female horse

Mule Colt – a mule of either sex under one year of age

Molly Mule, Mare Mule – Female mule over one year of age

Horse mule, John Mule – a male mule over year of age

Mammoth Jack or jennet – Large members of the ass family. Generally 14 hands or more in height

Common Equine Vaccinations

| Mules | June 14, 2014

Here is a list of common vaccinations for your Mules and Horses

TETANUS; sometimes called “lockjaw”, symptoms include muscle stiffness and rigidity, hypersensitivity, flared nostrils, and the legs stiffly held in a sawhorse stance. As this disease progresses muscles in the face and jaw stiffen, preventing the animal from eating or drinking. More than 80% of all affected mules or horses will die. All equines. Foals at 2-4 months. Annually thereafter. Brood mares 4-6 weeks before foaling

INFLUENZA; one of the most common respiratory diseases in equines.
This virus is highly contagious and can be transmitted from equine to equine over distances as far as 30 yards by snorting or coughing. Symptoms are nasal discharge, dry cough, fever, depression, and loss of appetite. If your equine is exposed to other equines they need to be vaccinated against influenza. Most equines. Foals at 3-6 months, then every 3 months. Traveling equines every 3 months. Brood mares biannually, plus booster 4-6 weeks pre-foaling.

ENCEPHALOMYELITIS; sometimes called “sleeping sickness”. Most commonly transmitted by mosquitoes, after they have acquired it from birds and rodents. While humans are susceptible when bitten by a mosquito, direct equine to equine or equine to human transmission is very rare. Early signs include loss of appetite, fever, and depression. As it progresses a mule may stagger when it walks and paralysis develops in later stages. Symptoms may vary widely but all result from the degeneration of the brain. The death rate is 70 to 90 percent of infected equines. All equines. Foals at 2-4 months. Annually in the spring thereafter. Broodmares at 4-6 weeks before foaling.

RHINOPNEUMONITIS; is actually two distinct viruses, equine herpes virus type 1 and equine herpes virus type 4. Both cause respiratory tract problems, and EHV-1 may also cause abortion, foal death and paralysis. Infected equines may be feverish and lethargic and may lose appetite and experience nasal discharge and a cough. Young animals suffer most from respiratory tract infections and may develop pneumonia secondary to EHV -1. Rhinopneumontis is spread by aerosol and by direct contact with secretions, utensils, and drinking water. The virus can be present but unapparent in the carrier animals. Immune protection is short, therefore pregnant mares are vaccinated at least during the 5th, 7th and 9th months of gestation, and youngsters at high risk need a booster at least every three months. Many vets recommend vaccinating at two month intervals year-round. Foals at 2-4 months and younger equines in training. Repeat at 2 -3 month intervals.

 

 
The types of vaccinations required may depend on factors such as; environment, age, risk of exposure, age, value, general management and geographical environment. Consult with your vet to determine what is needed for your mule or horse. It’s your responsibility to give proper care.

Vital Signs of Horses & Mules

| Mules | June 14, 2014

Can You Recognize Signs Of Stress?

It’s obvious there is a problem when your mule is cut or bleeding isn’t it. But what about colic or an injury that may not be as easily noticed, would you be able to see it building? That’s why you should know what the normal vital signs are for your mule, including temperature, pulse and respiration (TPR). You should also know their normal behavior pattern as well. Like how much water do they normally drink over night or through the day. All this requires being a good observer.

WHAT IS NORMAL ?

Of course will be variations of normal in individual temperatures, pulse and respiration counts so don’t assume that if you check one animal the other will be the same. You should take several baseline readings when your mule is healthy, rested, and relaxed. I keep a small notebook in the tack room to keep a record and it’s near my first aid kit for easy access. This is also a good place to keep emergency numbers.
Normal ranges for adult mules are:

Temperature: (rectal) 99.5 F – 101.5 F.
Pulse: 30 – 42 beats per minute
Respiration: 12-20 breaths per minute
You should contact your vet immediately if temperatures exceed 102.5 and temps over 103 degree indicate a serious condition.
Capillary Refill Time: 2 seconds
This is the time it takes the color to return to the gums adjacent to the teeth. Press the gum tissue with your thumb and release, color should return to normal in 2 seconds.

A Few Signs To Look For

Dehydration: Pinch or fold a flap of neck skin and release. It should snap back into place immediately, if it doesn’t this is sign of dehydration.

Color: The mucous membranes of the gums, nostril, inner eye tissue (conjunctiva), and inner lips of the vulva should be pink. Pale pink to white, bluish purple, or bright red coloring may indicate problems.

Lameness: Signs may be head bobbing, odd stance, reluctance to move, pain, swelling, being poor in the gait, or unwillingness to rise.

You should be aware of the usual color, consistency and volume of feces and urine of your mule. Any straining or failure to excrete should be reported to your vet.
It will help your vet immensely if you are able to give him information on the condition of your mule when you call him. Also, remember to stay calm. Your calmness will also help the mule to be less stressed. You are also more observant when calm.

  • Vital Signs of Horses & Mules

    by on June 14, 2014 - 0 Comments

    Can You Recognize Signs Of Stress? It's obvious there is a problem when your mule is cut or bleeding isn't it. But what about colic or an injury that may n...

  • Mule Terminology

    by on June 16, 2014 - 0 Comments

    Equis Asinus - The ass family Jack, Jackass - The male of the ass family Jennet, Jenny - The female of the ass family Donkey - common nickname for the ...

  • Common Equine Vaccinations

    by on June 14, 2014 - 0 Comments

    Here is a list of common vaccinations for your Mules and Horses TETANUS; sometimes called "lockjaw", symptoms include muscle stiffness and rigidity, hypersen...

  • Why horse needs electrolytes

    by on June 14, 2014 - 0 Comments

    When your horse sweats, he loses sodium and chloride (which combine to form salt) along with potassium and trace amounts of calcium and magnesium-simple inorgan...

  • First Aid Kit list for Horses

    by on June 14, 2014 - 0 Comments

    Your Equine First Aid Kit Your first aid kit can be as simple or elaborate as you choose. As long as you start with the essentials, you can build it up as yo...